History of the Motor

1824 France Arago Arago discovered that a rotating copper plate affects a magnet needle.
1831 England Faraday Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction.
America Henry Henry published a research paper on the original model of today's motors.
1833 England Richie Richie created the electromagnet motor.
1834 Russia Jacobi Jacobi created the commutator motor.
1836 America Davenport Davenport created the DC motor.
1838 England Davidson Davidson created the DC motor.
1860 Italy Pacinottoi Pacinottoi invented the ring armature.
1864 England Maxwell Maxwell established electromagnetic field theory, and foretold the existence of electromagnetic waves.
1866 Germany Siemens Siemens created the self-exciting generator.
1867 England and Germany Siemens brothers The Siemens brothers developed the modernistic generator.
Belgium Gramme Gramme created the AC generator.
1879 America Edison Edison developed the high-efficiency DC generator as a power supply for incandescent lights.
1882 Yugoslavia Tesla Tesla discovered the principle of two-phase AC motors to replace DC motors that shoot sparks when rotating.
1885 England Fleming Fleming discovered the right-hand rule (generator) and then theorized the left-hand rule (motor).
1888 America Tesla Tesla created the single-phase motor.
1889 Germany Dobrowolski Dobrowolski created the three-phase squirrel-cage type induction machine.
1893 America Steinmetz Steinmetz's work at GE contributed to the study of magnetic hysteresis in motors.
1905 Switzerland Einstein Einstein published the special relativity theory.
1910 England Poynting Poynting theorized the electromagnetic energy current.
1918 England Livens Livens presented the general expression for magnetic force including the principle of hysteresis motors.
1919 England Walker Walker invented the inductor for the VR stepping motor.
1932 Japan Sanyo Shokai
(now Sanyo Denki Co., Ltd.)
Sanyo launched production of generators for wireless communication devices.
1937 America Teare Teare contributed to the development and theorization of hysteresis motors.
1940 America Kron Kron advocated the tensor theory for rotary machines when working at GE.
America Feiertag When working at GE, Feiertag invented the slow-synchronous motor that was developed into the principle behind the hybrid stepping motor.
1945 Japan Sanyo Denki Sanyo began converting military devices and rotary machines used to supply power for communication equipment into commercial products.
1950 Japan Oriental Motor The company was established as "Toyo-Dendoki Co., Ltd." Then it changed its name to its current one three years later.
1952 Japan Electric Laboratory Electric Laboratory requested Sanyo Denki to develop Japan's first two-phase servo motor.
1960 Japan Fujitsu Fujitsu released a series of VR stepping motors for machine tools.
Japan Sanyo Denki Sanyo developed VR stepping motors
Japan Japan Servo
(currently Nidec Servo Corporation)
Established as the successor of Kiryu Eikosha Co., Ltd.
1962 Japan Shinano Kenshi Boseki
(currently Shinano Kenshi)
In order to switch from producing spinning machinery, the company decided to manufacture small motors for TEAC. The company then started to deliver their motors to Sony.
1965 Germany The emergence of the brushless motor was a highly influential development for workers in the small-motor industry in Japan, which was in an early developmental stage.
1966 America Spaceships and soft landing on the moon: The stepping motor designed by Mr. Katsumi Egawa was used in the lunar surface image loading device.
1968 Japan Sanyo Denki Launch of commercial production of the hybrid stepping motor.
1970 Japan Sanyo Denki The company received an order for stepping motors from IBM. This was an epoch-making event for precision motors used in information-processing equipment.
1972 America Kuo: Symposium on Incremental Motion Control Systems and Devices was started.
1973 Japan Shigenobu Nagamori Mr. Nagamori founded Nidec Corporation.
1978 Japan Nidec The company made a full-scale entry into the fan business.
1979 Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 8-inch HDDs.
1980 Japan Sashida Mr. Sashida invented the wedge type ultrasonic motor.
1981 Japan Kenjo/JMA Mr. Kenjo started Motortech Japan Symposium.
Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 5.25-inch HDDs.
1982 Japan Sashida Mr. Sashida invented the traveling-wave-type ultrasonic motor.
Japan Sumitomo Special Metals
(currently NEOMAX)
Mr. Masato Sagawa invented the neodymium magnet.
1983 Japan Kenjo/JMA Mr. Kenjo launched "Small Motor Technology Exhibition".
1984 Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 3.5-inch HDDs.
1988 Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 2.5-inch HDDs.
1992 Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 1.8-inch HDDs.
Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 1.3-inch HDDs.
1994 Japan Nidec The company shipped the world's first spindle motor for 1.8-inch HDDs incorporating fluid dynamic bearings (FDB)
1998 Japan Nidec The company launched production of spindle motors for 1.0-inch HDDs.
1999 Japan JR Speed of a linear motor car exceeded 500 km per hour on a test line.
2000 Japan Nidec The company launched production of electric power steering motors (in-vehicle motors).
Japan Nidec Nidec started full scale production of FDB motors.
2003 Japan Nidec Nidec founded the Central Technical Laboratory.
2005 Japan Nidec The company established the Motor Engineering Research Laboratory.
2007 Japan Nidec Nidec's motors that were entered for the first time in the Japan Radio Control Power Glider Championship (F5B) hogged the spotlight by winning first, second, and third places.
2010 Japan Nidec In the 13th RC Power Glider World Championship, a glider containing a Nidec's motor won.
2012 Japan Nidec Nidec established the Nidec Research And Development Center.
2014 Japan Nidec Nidec Research and Development Center, Japan opens its new building.
2015 Japan Shigenobu Nagamori Establishes the "Nagamori Awards" to contribute to the promotion of scientific and industrial developments in the field of motors.
2015 Japan Nidec Nidec Corporation receives the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Award in the 2015 National Commendation for Invention hosted by Japan Institute of Invention and Innovation.
2017 Japan Nidec Nidec Corporation Head Office ANNEX Global Learning Center opens.

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